According to stopbullying.gov, bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems.
In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include an imbalance of power (kids who bully use their power—such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity—to control or harm others) and repetition. Bullying can occur during or after school hours. While most reported bullying happens in the school building, a significant percentage also happens in places like on the playground or the bus. It can also happen travelling to or from school, in the neighborhood, or on the Internet (which is also known as cyberbullying).
The three most common types of bullying are:
Verbal Bullying (saying/writing mean things)
- Inappropriate sexual comments
- Threatening to cause harm
Social Bullying (hurting someone’s reputation/relationships)
- Leaving people out on purpose
- Telling others not to be friends with someone
- Spreading rumors about someone
- Embarrassing someone in public
Physical Bullying (hurting someone’s body or posessions)
- Taking or breaking someone’s things
- Making mean or rude hand gestures
Recently 28% of U.S. students in grades 6–12 experienced bullying while approximately 30% of young people admit to bullying others in surveys. U.S. Secretary of Education, Arne Duncan believes that “Children cannot get a quality education if they don’t first feel safe at school”, and indeed, according to the U.S. Department of Justice, 160,000 kids per day do not attend school for fear of being bullied. We have to stop this.
Most of this article is from stopbullying.gov which is a great resource for all things related to bullying. Statistics are from americanspcc.org another great resource.